JDF / JMF
Job Definition Format (JDF) is a data structure and XML-based format that was created to streamline the print production process. The goal of JDF is to provide a common language for job definition and communication between different systems, such as front-end design and layout applications, prepress systems, digital presses, and workflow management systems. JDF is designed to enable the automated exchange of job information and data between these systems, helping to reduce errors and increase efficiency.
The story of JDF begins in the late 1990s, when the printing industry was facing a number of challenges related to digital technology and the growing need for automation. The industry was in the midst of a transition from traditional, analog printing methods to digital printing methods, and printers were facing the need to adapt to new technologies and workflows.
In response to these challenges, a group of industry leaders formed the International Cooperation for the Integration of Processes in Prepress, Press, and Postpress (CIP4) organization. The goal of CIP4 was to develop a common language and data structure for the print production process, in order to improve communication and collaboration between different systems and companies.
CIP4 began working on JDF in the early 2000s, and the first version of the JDF specification was released in 2002. Over the years, JDF has evolved and been updated to keep pace with advances in technology and changes in the printing industry. Today, JDF is widely used by printers and print service providers around the world, and it has become an important standard for the print production process.
JDF provides a flexible and extensible data structure that can be customized to meet the specific needs of different printing processes. The JDF specification includes a comprehensive set of elements and attributes that describe different aspects of a print job, such as page count, color specifications, and finishing instructions. JDF also provides a framework for the automated exchange of job information and data between different systems, allowing printers to share job information and data in real-time, even across different locations and companies.
The benefits of JDF are numerous. By providing a common language for job definition and communication, JDF helps to reduce errors and improve efficiency in the print production process. It also enables printers to automate many manual processes, such as the creation of job tickets and the tracking of job status, freeing up time and resources for more value-added activities. Additionally, JDF helps to ensure that the output of a job meets the customer's specifications, helping to improve the overall quality of the print production process.
Here is an example
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<JDF xmlns="http://www.CIP4.org/JDFSchema_1_1" ID="JDF_1" Type="Print" Status="Waiting">
<LayoutElement Status="Available"> <LayoutElementProductionParams SheetName="Sheet 1" PageCount="2"/>
<PrintRollStandProductionParams Material="Paper" Color="CMYK"/>
This JDF file describes a print job with the following specifications:
- The job has two pages.
- The job uses CMYK (cyan, magenta, yellow, and black) color printing on paper material.
- The output intent specifies the desired color condition (LW-600) and the ICC profile to use (CMYK_PROFILE.ICC).
- The job requires delivery of 100 sheets.
This is just a simple example to illustrate the structure of a JDF file. In practice, JDF files can be much more complex and include additional elements and attributes to describe more advanced job specifications.
This page is part of Gerp's glossary of terms. Gerp is a dedicated MIS to packaging industry.
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